The Zanzibar archipelago is made up of various islands and islets. Its located in the Indian ocean off the coast of Tanzania.
Unguja island found the Indian ocean off the eastern coast off Tanzania is the biggest amongst all the islands that make up the Zanzibar archipelago which most of the people refer to as Zanzibar island. These islands are also known as spice islands and are part of the mainland Tanzania. The spice islands are made up of four main islands, three primary islands with human populations and the fourth is a coral island that serves as a breeding ground for seabirds. There are several smaller islets and an isolated tiny islet that make this whole region an amazing destination.
Unguja island is 35-50km off the Eastern coast of Tanzania and has some of the best beaches and marine life in Africa. Its capital, Zanzibar City has a historic centre of Stone Town which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The two main islands and the numerous smaller islets together cover an area of about 2,462 km².
The major islands include: Unguja-the largest covering an area of 1,464 km², followed by Pemba, Latham and the smallest being Mafia.
The wildlife of Zanzibar consists of both land and water flora and fauna. Its vegetation is categorized among the Coastal forests of Eastern Africa and they are home to different animal species mostly small animals, birds, and butterflies. Zanzibar has a unique primate species, the Zanzibar red colobus which is endemic and highly endangered due to deforestation and hunting for meat. The people of Zanzibar would also hunt it to keep as pet. Others include water animals like giant tortoises, sea turtles, dolphins and even whales can be spotted. Coconut crabs, Pemba flying fox, chameleons, blue sykes monkey, bush baby, aders duiker, hyrax, monitor lizards and Zanzibar servaline genet are among some of the land species in Zanzibar.
Size and accessibility:
The islands of Zanzibar cover an area of 2,462 square kilometres.
Zanzibar is an island with no road connection from the mainland.
From Dar es Salaam domestic airlines include Precision Air, Zan Air, and Coastal Air have daily scheduled flights to the island.
Flights from Kilimanjaro International Airport or Julius Nyerere International Airport to Zanzibar’s International Airport (Abeid Aman Karume) are also available. The flights might last between 1-2 hours.
On a 2 to 3 hours journey you can reach Zanzibar with a ferry.
Activities in Zanzibar:
Cultural & historical tours
Swimming and relaxation along the beaches